From 1992 to ’95, a brutal war took place in the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, which was associated with the breakup of Yugoslavia. After Slovenian and Croatian secessions from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1991, Bosnia passed a referendum for independence. The multi-ethnic country of Muslim Bosniaks (44%), Orthodox Serbs (32.5%), and Catholic Croats (17%) would soon fall into war. The independence referendum was boycotted and rejected by the Bosnian Serbs who established their own Republic. Supported by the Serbian Government and Yugoslavian People’s Army, the Bosnian Serbs mobilized to secure territory. War would soon sweep across the country, and would include Croat forces looking to secure parts of the country as Croatian. I won’t go into the full history and details, but if you don’t know much about the conflict, it’s worth getting yourself lost in Wikipedia for a bit. It was a terrible war that saw indiscriminate shelling of cities and towns, systematic mass rape, and ethnic cleansing. Estimates suggest that over 100,000 were killed and 2.2 million displaced. All this was happening just twenty years ago, and here’s a look at the scars of the war.
Entering the country from Montenegro.
Mostar, where new is built around the destruction.
The bank tower in Mostar, where snipers were posted.
An old bunker on the front line.
The sites of the 1984 Winter Olympics around Sarajevo. Now destroyed.
The bobsled track, which was controlled by Serb forces.